Category Archives: FAQs

How to make the most out of your central heating

 

Having a wood burning or multi fuel stove may seem like an extravagance or a luxury fitting for your home. However, having a stove installed in your house will provide you with much more than a decorative centerpiece for your living room, greatly increasing both the efficiency and warmth of your home as well as saving you a lot of money in the long run.

 

Benefits of stoves

Modern log burning and multi fuel stoves are perhaps one of the most effective ways to heat your home when used correctly. By trapping the heat and combustion of the fire in a closed space, stoves are far more efficient at heating a room than open fire places and their metal structure also helps emit the heat they produce.

Most modern stoves are also built with multiple air vents to keep warm air flowing out of the stove and allow cool air in, helping the fire burn at maximum efficiency. Installing a stove fan can also greatly increase the heat spread of a stove, pushing the warm air further away from the fire and out into the surrounding room and house.

There are also a few ways you can increase the efficiency and heat production of a stove even further. Using dried, seasoned wood makes for a cleaner and hotter combustion within the stove and is also a far greener fuel to use than coal. Another fuel option that can help increase the heat production and efficiency of a stove is Eco Fuel. Eco Fuel is designed to burn cleanly and slowly, producing consistent high temperatures for a long time, especially within the enclosed space of a stove.

 

Using stoves to heat the home

Because they are confined to one particular room, it might seem stoves are rather limited in where they can provide heat for your home. However, a wood burning or multi fuel stove can in fact heat far more than your living room and can even heat your whole home.

By installing a back boiler or integrated boiler into a stove it is possible to connect it to the central heating system of your home. Depending on the size of your house, you can either use this to contribute towards an existing boiler or be used to heat the vast majority of your radiator/hot water system. If used in this way, a stove will not only heat the room it is within, but the whole house, as well as saving money on your energy bills. If you really want to make the most out of your stove you can even connect it to underfloor heating systems, providing further warmth and comfort for the house.

Making the most out of your heating

Whilst stoves are an incredibly efficient way to heat your home, they are a number of other ways you can increase the heating efficiency of your home and make sure none of it is wasted.

Here a few simple things you can do in your home to ensure you are getting the most out of your stove’s heat:

  • Insulation: This may seem like an obvious suggestion, however many households may have outdated insulation or you may simply assume your house is insulated when in fact it’s not. Making sure you have modern insulation in cavity walls and the roof can keep huge amounts of heat in your home, increasing its energy efficiency and saving a lot of money. Double glazed windows and closing curtains during the night will also help keep heat in the home.
  • Checking your central heating: Even if subsidised by a stove, your central heating system needs to be maintained and updated to make the most out of the stove’s heat and your boiler’s. Cleaning out pipes or replacing them, as well as insulating them, can go a long way to increasing the efficiency of your central heating system and make sure you have an up-to-date combination boiler.
  • Turn the thermostat down: turning your thermostat down by just a few degrees can save a lot of energy that would otherwise be wasted. This is particularly true if you have your stove burning, and whilst it is not healthy for your central heating system to be completely turned off, it’s certainly worth turning it right down when you are using your stove.
  • Radiators: Fitting thermostatic radiator valves (TRVs) on your radiators will allow you to control heating within your home and turn it up or down, room by room, depending on your needs. This can be done in combination with a timed/digital thermostat to create ‘zones’ in your house that will be heated when needed. The efficiency of radiators can also be increased by making sure they are not blocked by any pieces of furniture or covered in any way.

 

By taking these simple measures into account and using your stove as a main heating source in combination with your central heating system, your home will not only be warm and comfortable but incredibly energy efficient, saving money on your energy bills and making the most out of your stove’s heating potential.

 

Stove installers

Installers Accross the UK

It is important that your system is installed correctly and efficiently both to ensure your safety and to have the system ‘signed-off’ by a professional HETAS engineer or a specialist from the local council, ensuring compliance with the legal requirements set out in document J of the Building Regulations. While some of our customers adept to DIY choose to undertake the work personally we are now pleased to offer a full installation service in the Mid-Essex area.

A specialist engineer can visit your property and conduct a full survey and provide a quote. We only charge a modest £25.00 for the service which is fully refundable should you go ahead with the purchase of the stove and installation.

For more information on installers in your area or anything else to do with this service, please email your enquiry to: enquiries@glowing-embers.co.uk.

Building Regulations

Wood burning stove installations fall under legal Building Regulations and all installations must meet these requirements. All installations must be signed off either by your local council or by a HETAS registered engineer.

This current edition of Approved Document J (Combustion appliances and fuel storage systems), has been updated and replaces the previous 2010 edition.

It incorporates amendments made to reflect any changes arising as a result of the Building Regulations 2010. The changes mainly reflect regulation number changes as a result of re-ordering. There have been no amendments to the substantive requirements in Schedule 1 (ie Parts A to P) of the Building Regulations.

To download the full guide click here.

How to install a wood stove chimney through a wall (Non-chimney installs)

1) Start your insulated system with a length of single wall vitreous enamelled pipe.
2) Convert to twin wall flue pipe using a Converter from Single Wall Adaptor.
3) To build your insulated flue pipe system, you have to plan your route and measure out what components, pipe lengths and bends you will need.
4) To go through a wall, you will need a wall sleeve to protect the wall and a finishing plate to cover the hole, which must be larger than the outer diameter of the pipe.
5) If you decide to continue internally, then you can pass through a ceiling using a firestop plate.
6) Pass your insulated pipe through the roof again be sure that no part of the roof touches the pipe.
7) Finish off with a chimney cowl or rain cap.

Twin Wall Flue Installations

If you do not have an existing chimney in your home and you want to install a wood burning stove, or if you want to install a free standing modern wood burning stove, you will need to use Twin Wall, Insulated Flue Pipe. We have a complete range of Double Wall Flue pipe from Shield Master, Convessa and Dinak DW along with three brands of accompanying single wall enamelled stove pipe.

 

No Two Twin Wall Flue Installations are the same

Because no two installations of twin wall flue pipe are exactly the same we cannot supply kits, as we can with the flexible flue liner kits. You have to decide where you want the flue to run through the house. You need to either go through a wall and then out and all the way up an external wall to above your roof or you need to go up internally, through your floors and through the roof itself. The path the flue will take to do this will depend upon the configuration of your home and how you want to route the flue pipe.

Accordingly you will have to plan and measure out your twin wall flue system. If you do not feel comfortable doing this then you can get in touch with a local builder or HETAS installer, who will be able to help you. Either way you should make yourself familiar with the building regulations as wood burning stoves do fall under these regulations – more information can be found here. This page is designed to help you understand how to put your system together and take some of the mystery out of planning an installation – however, it is not a complete guide. If you would prefer, telephone us to discuss your installation with one of our team before committing yourself to anything.

 

1) How to start your insulated flue system

You should start your system with a length of single wall vitreous enamelled pipe as this is both cheaper and harder wearing, so is more suitable for use with the high temperatures experienced directly from the stove. However for asthetic purposes etc, you can begin your run by using the adaptor to twin wall and cementing this directly into your stoves’ flue collar.

If you start your run with single wall pipe you can run internally with this but you cannot pass through walls, ceilings or roofs with it and it can only be used internally. If you have a larger internal wall to scale before going through any obstacles then by all mean use the Enameled Stove Pipe all the way up internally, as this is more economical. You must just convert to twin wall pipe at least 4 inches before passing through a wall, ceiling or roof.

2) Converting from Single Wall Stove Pipe to Twin Walled Flue Pipe

Before passing through a wall, ceiling or roof, you will need to convert to twin wall flue pipe using a Converter from Single Wall Adaptor, found here. This slides into the top of your single walled pipe and allows twin walled flue pipe to be attached to the other end. This plus all other joins between pipes in a twin wall flue system require a locking band to seal the join, which is included free with our Shield Master and Convessa range of pipe but must be purchased seperately in the Dinak range. Alternatively some of our wall brackets include a locking band, so you can strategically place your wall mounts at the joins of the pipe to save on components.

3) Building your Insulated Flue Pipe System

Now you have converted to Twin Walled Flue Pipe you just have to plan your route and measure out what components, pipe lengths and bends you will need.

4) Passing your twin wall flue pipe through a wall

If you decide to go through a wall, you will need a wall sleeve to protect the wall and a finishing plate to cover the hole, which must be larger than the outer diameter of the pipe to avoid it touching the wall. These two components allow your twin wall pipe to safely pass through a wall. Once outside you can just attach a 45 degree elbow and continue directly up the external wall.

5) Passing your double wall pipe through a ceiling

If you decide to continue internally, then you can pass through a ceiling using a firestop plate, which ensures that you cut back the ceiling far enough away from the pipe and covers and finishes the holes. Please note: you must use a ventillated firestop plate for wood burning stove installations, the plain firestop plates are for gas installations only. You need to use one either side of your floor (i.e. one on the ceiling and one on the floor above).

6) Passing your insulated pipe through a roof

To pass through a roof again be sure that no part of the roof touches the pipe. Use a firestop plate on the underside of the roof to cover the hole and flashing on the top of the roof to seal it. You will need the high temperature flashing if your insulated pipe passes through the roof less then 5 meters away from your stove, otherwise the low temperature flashing should be fine. If you have a corrugated or uneven roof you will need the EPDM masterflash which molds to the shape of your roof. A fixing kit is available for the flashing which gives you everything you need to create a weather proof seal.

You will need a storm collar to clamp the top of the flashing tight around the twin wall flue pipe to create a weather proof seal.

7) Insulated flue pipe chimney cowls

You need to ensure that your twin wall flue pipe is at least 600mm higher than the pitch of your roof or the top of your flue pipe should be at least 2.3m horizontally away from the roof as it slopes away, whichever comes first. On top of your pipe you will want to finish off with a chimney cowl or rain cap, available here.

Chimney installations

 
ABOVE: Lining a chimney using a multi fuel flexible liner for wood burning stoves.
 
Reasons for lining a chimney when installing wood burning stoves
 
For a wood burning stove to work correctly it must be connected to a sound chimney and correctly sized flue, therefore it is always recommended fitting a chimney liner when installing a new multi-fuel stove.

If a chimney liner is not installed there are a number of problems that you may experience.

1. Smoke and fumes from wood burning stoves leaking into other rooms or parts of the building.

2. Tar seeping through the chimney walls causing staining.

3. The old flue surface has deteriorated, resulting in poor up-draught.

4. The flue is much too large for the type of appliance being used resulting in poor up-draught.

5. The flue is cold and damp especially if it’s on the outside wall, reducing the heat of the smoke and gases resulting in poor up-draught.

 

Can I do the work myself?

Although lining a chimney for wood burning stoves now falls under building control it’s not a complicated job and can be done by a competent DIYer, however you must inform your local building control department who will inspect the work once the job has been completed. Please click here for Building Regulations that apply to stoves. Document J

If you would like your chimney liner to be installed for you, please see our HETAS installer page.

Tools required to install a flexible chimney liner

There are no specialist tools needed to fit a flexible chimney liner for wood burning stoves, however you will need access to the top of the chimney stack using roof ladders or preferably scaffolding, it is highly recommended to use harnesses when working at height, other safety equipment should include masks, goggles and gloves.

Installing the flexible flue line

1. Before you start the chimney must be swept and inspected for structural defects and the area around the stove should be protected from debris and dust.

2. If you are using our chimney pot hanging cowl, you can skip this step, otherwise you will need to remove the chimney pot and mortar on top of the chimney stack.

3. Cut the register plate to size and fix the angle iron in place.

4. You will need a piece of rope 5 meters longer than the liner. Tie a weight to it and lower it down the chimney.

5. Attach the nose cone to the bottom of the liner (the liner is directional, arrows pointing upwards) and if using Rockwool, Chimwrap or k-wrap secure this to the liner.

6. Tie the rope to the nose cone and lower the liner down the chimney, if there are bends in the chimney and the liner gets stuck it is possible to open up the chimney from inside the house to help the liner navigate the bend.

7. Once the chimney liner is in place, connect the chimney liner to the appropriate adaptor using stainless steel self-tapping screws then fit the stove pipe, now fit the register plate, put the stove in place and seal around the register plate and flue pipe with fire cement.

8. If you have pre insulated the flexible flue liner it is recommended that you put adequate vermiculite insulation above the register plate to stop the heat escaping in to the chimney void, this should be done before putting the top plate on.

9. If you haven’t pre insulated the flexible flue liner then it is recommended you fill the chimney void with vermiculite insulation.

10. If you are using a chimney pot hanging cowl cut the flexible flue liner to length and attach the chimney pot hanging cowl to the chimney liner using the provided fixing straps, insert the cowl into the chimney pot and attach using the straps provided.

11. If you are using the traditional method cut the liner to length and fit the top plate and insert and then the top clamp.

12. Re-fit the chimney pot and leave for 34 hours before performing a smoke test.

Wood burning stoves should always be treated with care, regularly maintained and well installed. A poorly installed or poorly cared for wood burning stove can cost lives. These instructions are designed as a guide only to help safe installation but if you are unsure on how to install your wood burning stove then please do contact a professional.