Category Archives: Building Regulations

How will Eco Design 2022 Regulations affect me?

With misleading information and sensationalised headlines filling the media regarding the future of the wood burning stove industry, it is becoming increasingly confusing for our customers to separate the facts from the fake news…

Put simply, in a bid to further reduce the impact heating appliances have on our environment, the bodies that govern our industry (DEFRA, Stove Industry Alliance and HETAS) have introduced stricter guidelines concerning efficiency levels and particulate matter by which a multitude of appliances manufactured after 1st January 2022 and sold in the UK (and Ireland) must adhere. These will be known as Eco Design 2022 Ready.

The primary areas of focus for the Eco Design directive are reduced particle emissions, lower Carbon Monoxide emissions and improved efficiency levels through better fuel standards and sustainability. Local councils will also be handed greater power to enforce the Eco Design Ready Scheme in their region.

Will my existing stove be legal after 2022?

Assuming you are a responsible stove owner with a HETAS certificate and using only fully-seasoned approved fuels, then you will not be affected by the new regulations as it will only concern stoves manufactured (and subsequently, purchased) after 1st January 2022.

You may wish to consider improving your existing stove however with the installation of an electrostatic filter (pulls the particles from the exhaust fumes before emitting into the atmosphere), using wood approved by Ready to Burn and ensuring you book in a minimum of two chimney sweeps a year.

Why should I consider an EcoDesign 2022 Ready stove today?

What can be better than making a difference now and start personally contributing to a proposed reduction in UK carbon emissions by two million tonnes per year? By purchasing an Eco Design Ready stove, you unlock the full potential of a modern, highly-efficient wood burner which could slash your particulate emissions by up to 84% vs your existing stove (SIA research), cut fuel costs and reduce your carbon footprint on the planet whilst continuing to enjoy all the benefits you love from your woodburning stove. You can even dispose of your old stove responsibly through the nationwide Stove Scrappage Scheme.

As a HETAS approved and environmentally aware stove retailer, here at Glowing Embers we will always promote the correct operation of wood burners in conjunction with approved fuels to ensure complete adherence to all current DEFRA, HETAS and government regulations and guidelines and fully embrace the Eco Design 2022 Ready initiative. Ignoring the sensationalised and false headlines that all stoves are to be banned, the new limits on emissions align our products with the world we exist in today and permits us all to continue enjoying the back to basics tradition of solid fuel heating appliances, responsibly.

Building Regulations

Wood burning stove installations fall under legal Building Regulations and all installations must meet these requirements. All installations must be signed off either by your local council or by a HETAS registered engineer.

This current edition of Approved Document J (Combustion appliances and fuel storage systems), has been updated and replaces the previous 2010 edition.

It incorporates amendments made to reflect any changes arising as a result of the Building Regulations 2010. The changes mainly reflect regulation number changes as a result of re-ordering. There have been no amendments to the substantive requirements in Schedule 1 (ie Parts A to P) of the Building Regulations.

To download the full guide click here.

RHI Overview

Here is a brief overview of the Government’s domestic Renewable Heat Incentive for Biomass Pellet Stoves with Integrated Boilers. For a more comprehensive overview please scroll down for full details:

  • What Is The Domestic RHI? A Government grant to encourage off gas-grid customers to switch from heating their homes with oil or LPG to renewable and sustainable fuels instead such as pellets. More…
  • What Is A Pellet Stove? Biomass Pellet Stoves With Integrated Boilers are technologically advanced stoves which burn wood pellets at high efficiency levels to heat your home and water. More…
  • Who Can Apply? The domestic RHI is open to home owners, third party owners of the renewable heating system, private landlords, registered social housing landlords and self-builders. More…
  • How Much Will I Receive? You will receive 12.2p p/kW of estimated output you will use over the course of a year. This will be paid in arrears every quarter for seven years. More…
  • What Are The Upfront Costs? The customer is responsible for purchasing the Pellet boiler and its installation but there is financial aid available. More…
  • How Do I Apply? Register at to begin the application process online. If successful, your Pellet Boiler and installer must be MCS certified. More…
  • Where Can I Purchase The Stove And Fuel? At Glowing Embers we supply a full range of RHI compliant Pellet Boilers and fuel.


Domestic RHI full overview:

  • The Domestic RHI Is Finally Here… Almost

Long awaited and some would say long over-due, the Renewable Heat Incentive is just around the corner! The exact date was due to be unveiled at this year’s Ecobuild Expo but mysteriously vanished from the itinerary, however latest DECC (Dept. of Energy & Climate Change) estimates suggest a spring 2014 roll out.

Following in the wake of previous Government initiatives, namely the Feed-In Tariffs Scheme and the Renewable Heat Premium Payment Scheme, which industry folk argue didn’t go far enough, the domestic RHI boils down to money back in your pocket every quarter for seven years to encourage you to stop burning fossil fuels to heat your home but instead look towards renewable heating systems. Of course there are criteria that must be met before joining this scheme and we shall go into further detail on these later…

  • Why Renewable Heat?

The question should really be “why are we only now converting to renewable heat?” In the UK we almost exclusively burn fossil fuels to heat our homes which accounts for 28% of the entire energy demand for the UK and this simply isn’t sustainable. The non-domestic RHI (2011) and the domestic RHI are the first steps towards a mass rollout of low-carbon heating systems in the not too distant future all in the aim of hitting various low emission targets set out by the DECC.

  • What Is Pellet Fuel?

To manufacture a wood pellet you basically take the by product of wood industries such as saw-milling and compress it right down to a compact cylindrical shape. The density of this little pellet and the lack of moisture within it provides a fuel source with incredibly high combustion efficiencies. The DECC’s long term aim is to have a completely carbon neutral system in place from the sourcing and manufacturing to the transporting and finally the burning of pellet fuel. The largest exporters out there are the Canadians and Russians who currently ship millions of tonnes of wood pellets to over a million installations around Europe namely Scandanavia, Italy, Holland, Germany and Austria and it is these countries that our Government are using as a template for the potential success of a scheme like the RHI. The correct storage of this fuel is incredibly important; get it wet and it resorts to its natural form… sawdust! Pellet Stoves with Integrated Boilers actually come with an internal feed box (or storage box) which ranges from model to model. There may be room inside to store 10kg of pellets, there may be room to store 110kg of pellets. This cuts down the need to constantly refill the fuel but where space allows, it is worth buying your pellets in bulk to cut the costs down even further and store them in an external tank, silo or even a bunker. The storage tank and the Pellet Stove can potentially then be connected via a vacuum pipe to draw pellets into the feed box. It is essential that your pellets are purchased only from an approved seller, lists of which can be readily found online.



  • Is The Domestic RHI Open To All Households?

Some will tell you that this initiative is targeted at off gas-grid customers but this is not strictly the case, they simply have the most to gain from a scheme like this. The four million homes currently off the gas-grid and using oils or LPG heating fuel are being targeted for two reasons; a) Their outlay for heating fuel is greater (50% higher for oil and 100% higher for LPG compared to a gas-grid home in 2011) and so a financial incentive to switch to renewables will appeal more and b) These homes emit more carbon and so the sooner they are switched, the better! Regardless, anyone can apply but you must be the owner-occupier, a private landlord, a registered provider of social housing, third party owner of the heating system or self-builder. Forget about applying if you are a new build as you should already be compliant with the building regulations concerning emissions and multiple dwellings may fall under the non-domestic RHI; this is single dwellings only.

  • Who Is Responsible for The Domestic RHI?

As you may come to expect with any Government led initiative, there are many departments coming together to administer, monitor and regulate the domestic RHI. The main players are the DECC, Green Deal, the Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS), Ofgem and The Energy Saving Trust and if that isn’t enough for you then throw in The Energy Saving Advice Service for good measure. Loosely speaking, their individual responsibilities break down as follows:

DECC lOGO DECC – Original concept based on their collated data
EST logo ENERGY SAVING TRUST – Implementation of Green Deal assessments
MCS Logo MCS – Certification body for all RHI eligible products and installers
ofgem logo OFGEM – Administration including handling applications
est logo. ENERGY SAVING ADVICE SERVICE – Advice on energy saving..?
  • Is My Stove Eligible?

Quick answer is probably not but there are staggered dates for legacy applications which I shall explain later. For now though there are five specific types of renewable heating systems eligible for the domestic RHI but at Glowing Embers we are only really concerned with Biomass Pellet Stoves With Integrated Boilers. Don’t be put off by terms like ‘biomass’ and ‘pellets’. These are simply advanced versions of a regular boiler stove and instead of good old logs or coal; they are fuelled by sustainable wood with very low moisture content which is compressed into pellet form.

But before you run out to buy any old pellet stove and back boiler, it must be MCS certified and listed on This list will be updated as new models meet the emission levels required to join the scheme. And this is no job you can undertake yourself at the weekend as the installer has to be MCS registered as well and the pellets can only be purchased from an approved supplier (lists of which are available online). All this certification ensures “technologies have been installed and commissioned to the highest standard for the consumer”…

stove internal

  • So, What Exactly Is A Biomass Pellet Stove With An Integrated Boiler?

Think of these as the next generation of stoves. Controlled by a computer, they emit less Co2 emissions and burn at efficiency rates up to 90% which no doubt will be improved even further in the future. The pellets can be automatically fed into the insulated combustion chamber thanks to the sensors and technical wizardry within these stoves to ensure an accurate level of pellets are delivered. This removes the human element of over filling your burner and killing the efficiency of it. The larger systems also feature automatic cleaning settings to keep on top of the ash accumulating in the tubes and on the grates. Basically, the more you spend on your Pellet Stove, the less manual maintainance is required…

pellet system

  • How Long-Winded Is The Application Process?

At Glowing Embers we have had a sneak preview of the Ofgem application website and they have strived to cut the time it takes to fill in their online forms down to fifteen minutes (for those acquainted with online form filling). Once you have registered at and their online forms are completed, the process is as follows:

gd logo

Step 1 – You will be required to submit your Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) which will lead to you having to arrange a Green Deal Assessment (GDA) for your home. You need to have a GDA to apply for the domestic RHI as proof your property meets the minimum energy efficiency requirements for loft insulation, cavity insulation thickness, draught proofing etc., for a Biomass Pellet Boiler to work efficiently. There are finance plans to help with the cost of carrying out the work recommended in your Green Deal Advice Report which is definitely worth looking into as Green Deal Cashback is , I believe, the only financial aid which the Government won’t claim back from you via deductions to your RHI payments. Visit for providers registered to offer Green Deal Cashback or contact the Energy Saving Trust to book your Assessment.

Step 2 – You want to start looking into the Biomass boiler itself and the installer. Both of these must be MCS certified and can be found on the lists published through their website ( You can contact as many installers as you wish to compare quotes and if at this point you have not yet applied for the RHI (i.e. you have ignored Step 1), you have twelve months from the date your MCS installer commissions your installation to apply.

Step 3 – Just as your Biomass Pellet Boiler and installer must be certified, so to do the pellets being used as fuel. Various sustainably sourced wood merchants promote their pellets as being RHI-compliant such as all Woodsure certified suppliers but again, you can search online for approved supplier lists. If you have ready access to a fuel source, you must apply to effectively become an approved supplier to prove the eligibility of your wood source.

Step 4 – Maintain your Biomass Pellet Boiler and bask in the renewable heat warming your home and of course, receive quarterly payments based on an estimation of your heat usage…

  • How The Payments Actually Work

It is worth noting that your RHI payments are based on the ‘deemed’ (estimated) renewable heat generated from your Biomass Pellet Boiler. Your Energy Performance Certificate will be used for this purpose and for a Biomass installation, the tariff is set at… 12.2p per kW. So, for every kilowatt of renewable heat the Government estimate you will use, you will receive 12.2p back in your pocket. Therefore an estimated usage of 15000kW p/a equates to twenty eight payments of £457.50 over the seven year period of the scheme. That’s not bad at all but why 12.2p per kW? The DECC have deemed this to be the difference it will cost you to switch from your fossil to renewable fuel and will pay you every four months in arrears. Please note, I am only addressing Biomass Pellet Boilers here and this tariff differs per kW for the other eligible renewable heat sources; Air Source Heat Pumps 7.3p, Ground Source Heat Pumps 18.8p and Solar Thermal 19.2p.

  • On-Going Maintenance & Monitoring

Once you are up and running on the domestic RHI, the Government have put a couple of measures in place to ensure your on-going compliance with the rules of the scheme. To receive your payments you have to complete an annual declaration that you are indeed sticking to the rules. This may seem a bit daft but in reality they are referring to maintenance of the equipment. It is your responsibility to maintain your Biomass Pellet Boiler and to inform them immediately if there are any changes to the system or if it breaks down for a period of time. The DECC are offering a £200 p/a payment to customers purchasing one of their Metering And Monitoring Service Packages but for some reason Biomass Pellet Boilers are exempt from this offer. These may be included into the offer in the future so worth keeping an eye on.

You may also be subject to a random audit on your system or required to install metering equipment. It is the intention of the MCS that all certified installations (i.e. all of them!) are ‘meter-ready’ to reduce the impact on you in the future if you are required to retro fit such a device.

  • What If I Already Have A MCS Approved Device Installed?

These are referred to as ‘legacy applications’ and apply to you if your system was installed after 15th July 2009. The dates when legacy customers can apply to Ofgem for the domestic RHI will be staggered to avoid mass applications bringing the whole system down to its knees in the first week. These dates will be confirmed shortly and will probably favour those who have not received Government funding from previous schemes. In terms of eligibility criteria, it is the same as for new applicants with the exception being standards at the time of installation must be met, not the current standards (air quality, emissions etc.).

  • What Are The Downsides?

To be honest, if you are the type of household at whom the scheme is aimed, there are little to no downsides. As I have said at the start, the domestic RHI is targeting off-gas grid consumers and so the quarterly payments may not be substantial if you are on the gas grid. The cost of installation and the boiler itself is an upfront cost bared by the consumer. Then there are the degression triggers. These may sound ominous and somewhat made up (‘degression’?) but basically the DECC do not know what volume of interest there shall be for the domestic RHI and at the end of the day this is a Government scheme with a budget funded by the taxpayer. If the demand is huge and budgets are going to be exceeded, this will trigger a reduction in the tariff of 12.2p p/kW by 10% every quarter. At Glowing Embers our advice is get on the Renewable Heat Incentive as early as you can and lock in the 12.2p p/kW rate or potentially lose out…

PLEASE NOTE: The information given in this section was correct at the time of writing. Some figures may have changed since.

Distance To Combustibles

Due to the high levels of heat emitted from flue pipes and stoves it is essential these are installed at a safe distance from any combustible material. The clearances required vary from Single to Twin Wall flue and are controlled by building regulations and despite some seeing them as a nuisance to their installation, they are designed to keep you safe and protect the construction of your property. For stoves, the safe distance is determined by the manufacturer and recorded on the data plate.

As these have no insulating material, Single skin pipes lose a lot of their heat and become very hot on the outer surface. It stands to reason that to be safe you must maintain quite a substantial distance between these and combustible materials. Building Regulations state this clearance must be at least 3 x the diameter of the flue pipe as illustrated below. If the surface is constructed from a non-combustible material or you have shielded it with fire proof boarding such as our Vermiculite Boards, then this distance can be reduced to 1.5 x the diameter of the flue pipe.

SW Distance to Combustibles

Due to the 30mm layer of compressed Rockwool insulation within these pipes, the heat emitted from a Twin Wall flue is greatly reduced and so is the safe clearance to combustibles. For our Convesa Twin Wall, this distance must be at least 60mm. This figure is included within the designation number applicable to your brand of Twin Wall pipes. There is no regulation for the distance of Twin Wall flue pipes to a non-combustible material.


Stoves require the greatest clearance to any potentially combustible material but this does come down to the individual brand and model of appliance and is stated on the data plate. This measurement could be in the region of 600mm, 800mm or even greater and may be different for the sides and rear. There is no regulation for the distance of a stove to a non-combustible material, only clearances recommended by the manufacturer (usually in the region of 100mm to allow air to pass around the appliance).

Data Plate

< Back to Technical Information…

Flue Diameters

The diameter of flue pipe required for your system will initially be dictated by the size of the flue outlet on your particular stove. From this point onwards the Building Regulations are very clear on the size you must be in for the remainder of your flue installation.

The most common regulation that the majority of flue systems in the UK must adhere to is:

“Closed appliances of up to 30kW rated output burning any fuel 150mm diameter or square flues having the same cross sectional area”

This clearly states that you are required to install a minimum flue diameter of 6” (150mm) and this is the case whether you are using Twin Wall insulated flue pipes or Flexible Flue Liner. But what if the outlet on your stove is smaller than this? Not to worry, this is quite often the case and you are simply required to use increasing adaptors to attain the 6” diameter by the time you convert to your Twin Wall or Flexible Liner.


The ONLY exception to the rule above concerns DEFRA Approved stoves most commonly installed in designated Smokeless Zones. The regulations for these models are as follows:

”Closed appliances of up to 20kW output which: a) burns smokeless fuels or b) is an appliance which meets the requirements of the Clean Air Act 125mm diameter or square flues having the same cross sectional area”

This permits a minimum flue diameter for a DEFRA stove of 5” (125mm) and does not require the increase to 6”. Please click here for our full range of DEFRA Approved stoves.

Below are a few basic rules for your flue pipes:

    • The diameter of your stove outlet is the minimum diameter your flue system can be
    • In no circumstance should you ever reduce the diameter of your flue system
    • The diameters quoted in the Building Regulations are minimum diameters only
    • If your stove outlet is greater than 6” then your flue system is going to be greater than 6”
    • DEFRA stoves burn cleaner and / or burn smokeless fuels which leave less soot and tar deposits hence the reduced diameter flue required
    • Some registered installers won’t even attempt to fit anything less than a 6” diameter flue


< Back to Technical Information…